Kidney Disease

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What is it?

The kidneys are two of the most important and fascinating organs contained in the human body. According to WebMD, the kidneys contain little pockets that are able to absorb the blood and filter it before passing it along to the rest of the body.

This disease sees the rapid deterioration of renal functions over the course of a several months or a few years. As previously mentioned, the kidneys are vital in the digestive process concerning the expulsion of waste products from the human body. However, with renal degradation the body experiences the increasing inability to perform these tasks properly, which subsequently results in feeling sick.

Typically, there are five stages of the disease before a patient will reach the point of organ failure. Oftentimes, the various stages of disease progression will produce additional afflictions that require the same serious attention and treatment as the kidney issues themselves.

Causes

Although there can be several causes of this disease, the most well-known causes to doctors and researchers are diabetes complications and high blood pressure. These health problems combine to account for approximately three-quarters of all kidney diseases in the United States of America.

However, there are specific regions that also experience a significant number of kidney failure patients resulting from HIV complications.

Additionally, it is possible to have kidney failure resulting from specific forms of improperly treated kidney stones. Degenerative prostate gland diseases can also contribute to renal failure. Lastly, there are worm-based viruses that can also lead to renal disease in extreme and untreated cases.

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Symptoms

In most cases, people who are suffering from this form of disease will feel generally unwell and probably have decreased desire to eat regularly. Scientifically speaking, there are increased hormone presences that can also impact blood pressure levels.

Additionally, doctors will be able to notice increase potassium levels in the blood with someone who is suffering from this form of disease. Subsequently, it is believed that people who suffer from this type of disease are also at a higher risk for heart-related deaths.

The experts at WebMD also point out some of the more noticeable, physical symptoms such as fatigue, swelling and emotional distress.

Diagnosis

The most common method for doctors and researchers to discover that a patient is afflicted with this disease is by testing patients who already have high-risk factors for related conditions. Nonetheless, WebMD suggests that a diagnosis is sometimes made during a visit for another health issue. Doctors will utilize a series of tests and examinations including testing hormone levels in the blood and taking x-rays and ultra-sounds of the abdomen to verify the shape and size of a patients’ kidneys.

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Treatment

The aforementioned heart-related diseases that comprise complications associated with kidney failure often make a patient more vulnerable to death than the renal degradation itself. Thus, treatment of any heart-related ailments is typically the most important issue to look for and treat. However, as argued by WebMD, treatments can vary from exploratory surgery used to locate blockages to medication alteration.
Currently, there are medications being researched and tested that would balance the hormone production from the kidneys to proper levels. Dialysis is another common treatment for this disease so that the technology can clean the blood supply of toxins, which essentially means to perform the task of the ailing kidney.